INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION (IUI)
Intrauterine Insemination, also referred to as artificial insemination, is a fertility treatment where sperm is placed inside a woman’s uterus during ovulation to facilitate fertilization. The neck of the uterus (cervix) naturally limits the number of sperm that enter the uterus so that only a small percentage reach the fallopian tubes. The goal of this procedure is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes at the optimal time and subsequently increase the chances of fertilization and pregnancy.
This treatment is beneficial if you or your partner is diagnosed with the following conditions:
IUI is also a beneficial treatment for single women or same-sex couples who wish to conceive using donor insemination, however this is not legal in Singapore. It is also for couples who wish to avoid passing on a genetic defect from the male partner to the child by using donor sperm.
IUI is not recommended in the following circumstances:
In situations where IUI is not recommended, IVF (in-vitro fertilization) can be an alternative. In general, it is much costlier and more invasive but has a higher live pregnancy rate.
The IUI Process
IUI Success Rate
Every couple will have a different response to IUI, which is why it may be difficult to predict its success. These following factors can affect the outcome:
The best results are in patients with unexplained infertility where the pregnancy rate per cycle is double that over no treatment, and patients who do not ovulate regularly and whose partners have mild sperm abnormalities.
To maximise the success rate of IUI, couples should try to be as healthy as possible. Any chronic medical conditions like diabetes, should be under control before treatment is commenced. A healthy diet, regular exercise, and better lifestyle choices should be observed.
If you have difficulty conceiving and interested in IUI, talk to Dr. Pamela Tan to discuss your options. A consultation can help determine the right course of action to help you conceive. Make an appointment today. IUI may be an effective choice for you.